History Essays

Write a summary of one of the Greek myths or one of the art forms in ancient Greece

Heracles

Heracles was a half god half human in Greek mythology. The god Zeus was his father and his mother was Alcmene. He was hated by Hera the main goddess. Athena the goddess of war and handicraft helped him many times in his 12 famous labors.     

  1. Slay the Nemean Lion.
  2. Slay the nine-headed Lernaean Hydra.
  3. Capture the Golden Hind of Artemis.
  4. Capture the Erymanthian Boar.
  5. Clean the Augean stables in a single day.
  6. Slay the Stymphalian Birds.
  7. Capture the Cretan Bull.
  8. Steal the Mares of Diomedes.
  9. Obtain the girdle of Hippolyta, Queen of the Amazons.
  10. Obtain the cattle of the monster Geryon.
  11. Steal the apples of the Hesperides.
  12. Capture and bring back Cerberus.

He was sent to do these labors by King Eurystheus. He had to do these labors over the time span of 10 years. He originally had to do 10 but because he had help slaying the hydra and because he was paid to clean the stables, the king made him do two extra, saying they did not count.

Heracles also went on the journey to capture the Golden Fleece with Jason on the Argo. But, he left them when one of the parties was killed. He had a terrible temper and it got him into trouble sometimes.

He was killed by his wife who thought that he was going to marry another woman.  He had gone to compete in a contest and the prize was the king’s daughter. He did not except the prize, but the news of his wining had reached his wife and she thought he was going to marry the princess. So she made him a robe with hydra poison in it because an evil centaur told her it was a potion that would make Heracles never leave her. He died and he was made a god of Mount Olympus.

Corrie.S.P.

History Lesson week 17 Reveiw.

  • Summarize the lives of at least three of the important Greeks studied this week. Start out with one philosopher, one mathematician, and one scientist. Then if you would like to include more people, you can build from there. Include information about why they are still important to study today.

I am going to start with a mathmatician: Hypatia

Hipatia’s father realized that she was a very smart woman from her young age. He made special diets and training exercises for her. He taught her to read, something most women really did not do back then. She wrote many books and was a professor. She was disliked by the Bishop of her time and sadly she was murdered. She was murdered by an angry mob that did not like her. She was 55 years old.

Hypatia | Death, Facts, & Biography | Britannica
A picture drawing of Hypatia.

The philosophers I am going to write about are: Heraclitus & Socrates

Heraclitus believed the main element of the earth was fire. He was from the city Ephesus. He had a famous saying. “You can never step into the same river”.

Heraclitus - Wikipedia
Heraclitus

Socrates is considered the first philosopher. Hes was not always a philosopher though. He was at first a Stonecutter, then he worked in the army. He was not an attractive man and was married to a woman named Xanthippe. He created the Socratic Method which is a series of questions about your life and world view. He lacked grace and compassion in his teachings. He was sentenced to death by the government, on the grounds that he was taking away belief of the gods in the young men of the city. He could have saved himself but he decided to go ahead with the punishment. Death by drinking Hemlock poison. He was a very influential man.

Socrates - Wikipedia
Statue of Socrates
Hemlock Poisoning: Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention
Hemlock

Lastly two astronomers: Ptolemy and Aristarchus

Ptolemy believed the earth was round and at the center of the universe. And the sun rotated around earth. He wrote a 13 volume text about the history of astronomers called the “Almagest.”

Ptolemy - Wikipedia
Painting of Ptolemy

Aristarchus was the man who calculated how far away the sun was from the earth and moon. He believed the sun was at the center of the universe. His theory was proved correct in the 1600s.

Aristarchus of Samos (310-230 BC) | High Altitude Observatory
Aristarchus

It is important to study these and other great men and women to see how humanity has changed and how people used to think as opposed to today.

Please like or comment if you liked my essay, and please tell me if there are any mistakes.

Corrie.S.P

Nehemiah Week 18: Review: 3/29/2021

Ancient-wall-in-old-city-Jerusalem | IsramIsrael
Wall. (Obviously)

Writing Assignment: Write a one to two page paper on the following topic:

– Essay Topic: Summarize the life story of one of the following:

-Cyrus the Great
-Darius the Great
-Ezra
-Nehemiah

I am going to write about Nehemiah.

Nehemiah was the cup bearer to king Artaxerxes ruler of Persia. He heard that the walls of Jerusalem were in disarray and he was saddened by the news. Being cup bearer to the king he was in the presence of Artaxerxes a lot. The king noticed that he was sad and asked him why. He asked the king if he could return to Jerusalem for a time and rebuild the walls and then return to Babylon. The king granted his request and Nehemiah returned to Jerusalem.

When he got there he saw that it would take a lot of time and effort to rebuild the walls piece by piece. So he came up with a solution. He had every tribe rebuild the walls by their part of the city. That way the walls were being rebuilt all at the same time!

But there was resistance from the Canaanite peoples. They would attack the people building the walls so Nehemiah had the people arm themselves with swords so that they could fight off the attacks. That way the people would not have to stop working to run for help. Because when they ran for help the Canaanite people would break down the parts of the walls they were building.

Doing this got the walls done super fast and the city was made safe again. The walls were completed in 52 days! That’s less then 2 months! Even with modern equipment that would be an impressive feat!

After the walls were finished, Nehemiah returned to Babylon and became the cup bearer once more to king Artaxerxes. The Bible gives a more accurate telling of the book of Nehemiah : https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Nehemiah+1&version=ISV

Nehemiah was a Godly man who used the powers God gave him to do good work. He had God on his side and with God anything is possible!

Philippians 4:13 “I can do all things through Christ, who strengthens me.”

Thank you for reading my essay!

Please tell me if there are any mistakes or errors.

Bye for now!

Queen Esther.

School Assignment.

Corrie.S.P.

6/4/2021

History: Grade 6

Writing Assignment: Write a one to two page paper on the following topic:

– Essay Topic 1: Summarize the key battles of the Persian Wars that helped Greece gain the upper hand.

– Essay Topic 2: Retell the story of Queen Esther in your own words.

I am doing the second choice.

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THE STORY OF QUEEN ESTHER

Fun facts first:

  1. God is never mentioned in the book, but the entire book talks about Him and his people.
  2. Esther’s actual name is Hadassah.
  3. King Xerxes is the same king who fought with the 300 Spartans in the battle of Thermopylae.
  4. Ahasuerus is king Xerxes other name.
  5. The Bible gives a better account of the story than I can:https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Esther+1&version=NIV

OK, now the story:

Part 1:

The king of Persia was having a huge feast/party with all the people of his kingdom. It lasted 180 days! He also had another 7 day party when the 180 days were up. For all the people rich and poor who were in the capital city. The feast was in the palace and it involved a lot of drinking and food.

The queen whose name was Vashti also held a separate feast for the woman of the kingdom.

After 7 days were almost over the drunk king sent his chamberlains to fetch queen Vashti. She was supposed to appear before the king and men on the kingdom with her royal crown upon her head. So that all the princes and people could see her beauty.

She refused to come.

There are a lot of theory’s about why she did not come. The Bible dose not say exactly but it was probably because the king wanted her to come wearing ONLY the royal crown and nothing else. She would have been embarrassed and shamed.

She made the king very, very angry by refusing.

The counselors of the king told him she should be divorced and that if she was still kept as queen that all the woman of the kingdom would disobey their husbands.

He divorced her and she was no longer the queen.

Part 2:

Then the king, when he was no longer drunk remembered that he did not have a queen anymore.

The counselors told him that he should send forth and fetch all the young, beautiful, and eligible woman of the kingdom. And that they should be brought to the palace and for a year they would be purifying themselves.

That meant that the woman would work on their outfits, nails, hair, and way they acted and talked.

To make them ready for royal life should the king call them and choose to make one of them the queen.

There was a Jew named Mordecai who had a cousin whose name was Hadassah. Her father and mother were dead and he had raised her. She was taken to the palace with the other girls. She was called Esther. That was her Persian name I think.

She was very beautiful and nice. She was quickly given the best room in the woman’s palace and the best servants. When the year was up the king called the woman to him one by one. If he liked the girl and remembered her name she was kept as a candidate. Out of all the woman he liked Esther best so she was made Queen.

The king did not know that Esther was a Jew because Mordecai told her to keep it a secret. He also did not know that Mordecai was her cousin.

Part 3:

The king made a man named Haman a powerful adviser. The man did not like Esther’s cousin Mordecai. He was mad because all the people were supposed to bow before him when he walked by. Mordecai was an official in the king’s gate and he would not bow before Haman.

Haman was mad and so he came up with a plan.

He went to the king and told him of a “people” scattered all throughout the kingdom. He was talking about the Jews like Mordecai. He said that they caused trouble, problems, and that they did not worship the same gods as the king and Persia.

He told the king that they should be killed.

So the king trusted Haman and believed what he told him. So he ordered that all the Jews should be killed on a certain day.

The order was made a law and Mordecai found out about it and told Queen Esther that her people were to be killed.

He asked her to ask the king to stop the law.

But, Esther had not been called to the king in a long time. If she went and asked the king without his permission she could be killed.

She mourned for a few days and then she made up her mind.

Part 4:

She went before the king and he saw her and took mercy on her and held out his golden scepter for her to touch. If someone touched the scepter they were saved.

He asked her what she wanted and she told him that she wanted him and Haman to come to a dinner and she would ask him there.

So him and Haman came to the dinner and the king asked her what she wanted. He told her she could even have half the kingdom if she wanted. She asked him to come to another dinner with Haman again. Then she would ask him for real.

So him and Haman came to the next dinner and while they ate he asked her what she requested.

She told him that there was a evil man that was trying to kill her and her people.

The king asked who? Who would want to kill you?

She said “An adversary and a enemy, even this wicked Haman!”

The king was very mad and upset. He left the room in a rage.

Then Haman fell to the floor on his knee’s and begged Queen Esther to spare him and not kill him.

The king came back just then and thought that Haman was attacking the queen and was very mad. He ordered that Haman was to be killed and Haman was hanged on a gallows.

Then the law was changed so that the Jews could defend themselves. And Mordecai was made the chief advisor to the king instead of Haman.

The End!

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Please tell me of any mistakes and errors. So I can become a better writer.

I hope you enjoyed the story. Please read the Bible’s telling of it in the link I added.

Byeeee!

History Review: Week 22.

Corrie.S.P.

Grade 6

Week 22.

8/23/2021

Assignment: Summarize the life of two or three of the kings of Ancient Rome.

Tullus Hostilius

Tullus Hostilius was a very warlike and violent man. He was the third king of Rome. He was even more warlike than Romulus the first king. While he was king the Albans and Romans were in disagreement. Both nations had been stealing from each other. The Alban general wanted to make peace and not shed blood through meaningless fighting, so he called a meeting between himself and Tullus. The general’s name was Mettius. He and Tullus decided that a duel would be fought between two sets of triplet brothers.

The duel was fought and Rome’s team won. Because they lost the Albans had to join Rome and help them. Sometime later Tullus was fighting a battle. The Albans were supposed to come and help him but they did not show up. Rome won the victory anyway and then Tullus killed Mettius for his disobedience.

In 642 BC Tullus died. He was about to go on a military conquest but he fell sick. He did not die from the sickness though. One day lightning struck his house and he died. The people said that Zeus the god of lightning and thunder had killed him. He helped expand Rome’s borders.

Servius Tullius

Servius Tullius was the first king not elected by the people or senate. After his father Lucius Tarquinius Priscus was assassinated by the sons of Ancus Marcus because they were mad that he was king instead of him, his mother tried to cover it up. She said that he had only been wounded and while he was “recovering” Servius ruled in his stead. After it came out that his father was really dead the people made Servius king because he was a fair and just man. He is said by Livy to have been the best king that Rome ever had.

He was actually adopted by Lucius Priscus and most possibly had been a slave before that. But he grew up in the palace and knew how a good king should act. Being adopted though was bad news for Servius. His adoptive brother Lucius Tarquinius Superbus had him killed. Lucius was mad that as the blood son he was not made king.

Numa Pompilius

Numa Pompilius was the second king of Rome. He was elected by the senate because Romulus had no clear successor. He was picked because he was not a warlike or demanding man. He was not from Rome. He wanted only peace during his reign and there was no war while he ruled.

He built a temple to Janus the two faced god. The temple was simple but it did have one impressive part. The doors on the temple were closed when there was peace and opened during  war. The entire reign of Numa the doors stayed closed. The only other time that the doors stayed closed like that was when Julius Cesar became emperor.

Numa is remembered for organizing the calendar and setting up a person in charge of the sacrifices and worship to the gods. He reigned forty-three years and died in 673 BC.

Please tell me of errors and or mistakes.

Corrie.S.P.

Byeeeeeeee!

Roman Republic

Corrie.S.P.

History

Week 23

Review lesson.

Writing Assignment: Write a one to two page paper on the following topic:

– Essay Topic 1: The Roman Games.

– Essay Topic 2: The Roman Religion.

– Essay Topic 3: The Transition to a Republic.

– Essay Topic 4: How the Republic was organized.

I am going to explain the 3rd and 4th options.

The Roman civilization was under a monarchy until the last of the kings Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was overthrown. His subjects had had enough. The last straw came while the king was away at battle. The king’s son attacked and tried to take advantage of a noble daughter named Lucretia. She escaped and asked her father and her husband’s family to avenge her. Then she committed suicide. That was the last straw for the people of Rome. They killed the king’s son and made a new government where no one reigned for a long time.

They started out with two Consuls. They governed the people for one year, then when their time was up they either were reelected or they stepped down for two other men to take the place. The first two consuls were Brutus a friend of the family and Lucretia’s husband. Lucretia’s father governed at first until the troops and her husband came home. Then the people threw the Tarkins out of Rome.

But, what about the king, was he willing to step down and let them throw his family out of Rome? No. He tried first to turn the young men and women against the new government but he was found out by a slave and the young people who were going to help him were executed, including some of Brutus’ own children. In return the slave was freed and given a citizenship. Lucius Tarquinius then went to the surrounding nations and asked for their help. They agreed and they fought against Rome but they were defeated. In this time Brutus was killed in battle just as the year of his consulship was ending. The people elected two new consuls, proving that they could run Rome in times of hardship with their new republic. There was another battle and then Lucius gave up. He realized that the people did not want him as king so there was nothing he could do.

The citizens of Rome were called Clives and the foreigners were called Peregrini. There were three classes in Rome. The Patricians who were the upper class, The Equites who were the middle class, and The Plebeians who were the lower class. Citizens of Rome had certain privileges; they could vote, get legal protection, they could be in the army, and they had no taxes.

There were 7 main positions in the government. The head of the Roman Republic was the Consuls. They were two men who governed the senate and army of Rome for one year. After that they stepped down or were reelected.

Next was the Senate. That was compiled of one-hundred senators who governed the people of Rome. They ruled for life.

Third were the Praetors. They were 8 men who ruled as judges of Rome.  

The Aediles of Rome were 4 men who oversaw trade, the construction and maintenance of buildings, and they paid for the Roman Games. The Quaestores were twenty men who advised finance.

The last two positions were the Tribune and the Dictator. The tribune was created after the Plebeians went on strike five times. They were the voice of the people. The Dictator was a role that was created for emergencies and for times of war. They stepped in as ruler of Rome and had absolute power for a maximum of six months.

There were a few roles added later into the Republic. One of the roles was for former Consuls. They became governors of outside provinces. Another role was for the overseeing of the Senate. They took out bad families and replaced them with good ones.

Tell me of mistakes or errors.

Corrie.S.P.

Carthage and Rome.

Corrie.S.P.

10/22/2021

History Week: 25

Assignment: Write a one to two page paper that includes the following points:

– The Founding of Carthage

– The First Punic War

– Hannibal and the Second Punic War

– The Fall of Carthage in the Third Punic War

The Rise of Carthage.

Carthage was founded in about 814 BC. Legend tells that Queen Dido founded it using her great wisdom. It was founded in North Africa and as the legend goes Dido arrived and asked the people of the continent to give her some land with which to construct a city. She asked for as much land as she could cover with the hide of a buffalo. Using ingenuity she cut the buffalo hide into long skinny strips and was able to section off enough land to build a city and Carthage was born. It was a strong trading point of its time. Its two main trading items were tin and bronze. They were very successful because they kept the location of their mines a secret from outsiders.

They had one downfall. They were always battling, mostly with Rome. That eventually lead to their downfall but not until many wars and battles had been fought over many years. The conflict that they first were involved in was the Pyrrhic & Punic Wars, between Greece, Rome, The Samnites and The Etruscans. In that war Carthage and Rome were allies but they surprisingly did not fight together. They did not fight with each other either. The Wars first started when Pyrrhus, ruler of Epirus a city in Greece Declared war on Rome because of a broken treaty. He used that mostly as a way to fight since he disliked Rome in the first place. He was defeated by Rome and Greece was nearly completely wiped out! Greece became a Roman colony and the first “Phyrric Victory” was achieved. A “Phyrric Victory” is a victory won at too high a cost.  When the dust cleared Rome and Carthage were the two main powers in the Mediterranean. Carthage owned the most land but Rome was steadily creeping up!

The Punic War: Part 1.

The war started in 264 BC it lasted 23 years. Carthage and Rome each wanted control of the Northern trade and commerce. The war actually started with a fight between two cities on the Island of Sicily, Messina and Syracuse. Messina Called upon Carthage for help and then later asked Rome. Carthage became mad that Messina called Rome so they left the fight to help Syracuse. It started out as a few battles, and ended up as a war between Rome and Carthage for control of Sicily. They started out pretty evenly matched. Rome had the better land army but Carthage had a great navy force. The main victor in the war was Rome. It only lost 3 times! Once, in a land battle and twice at sea. The Romans invented a new weapon for naval battles called the Assault Bridge. They lost two battles before they tried it out.  It was a bridge that would swing over to the enemy ship and create a bridge so that the Romans could fight as if they were on land where they were most skilled. It really turned the tide.

In the Battle of Tunis, Carthage had its one, and only victory on land. It was a great victory. They captured the Roman general and drove Rome out of North Africa. There was a short break in the war and then after Rome regrouped, they returned and invaded North Africa again. This time they won. Rome eventually achieved a better navy and won the war. In punishment Carthage had to do three things.

  1. Carthage had to leave Sicily and some surrounding islands.
  2. It had to return all prisoners of war.
  3. They had to pay Rome 30 tons of silver at once and then 6.6 tons of silver every year for the next ten years!

Truth be told Carthage was not happy. They started re-building and regrouping. That leads us to the Second Punic War.

The Punic War: Part 2.

After the first Punic War a short war called the Mercenary War broke out. There were several battles and Carthage won. During The Mercenary War Hannibal was born in 247 BC. His father was a leader in the army and he was trained to fight. Then the Second Punic War happened in 218 BC. It lasted 5 years.

Hannibal wanted to go and help his father fight Rome in Iberia which is in Modern day Spain. His father said no, but Hannibal kept begging. His father finally let him go but only when he had first promised to never befriend or ally with Rome as long as he lived. While they were in Iberia his father drowned. After his father died, his brother-in-law became leader but he was soon assassinated. When Hannibal got up to take control, the army noticed he had the same “fire in his eyes: as his father did. So they chose him as leader.

He started fighting back and defeated the Romans several times. Rome started becoming a little afraid of him, so they allied themselves with the city of Saguntum. Hannibal saw this as a violation of a treaty and used this excuse to attack.  He laid siege to the city and waited 8 months to take the city. He finally won and captured the inhabitants. Hannibal decided to march directly towards Rome.  He marched through the Alps and Pyrenees mountains with 38,000 men, 8,000 cavalry, and 37 War Elephants. He encountered some difficulty and lost some of his army but he managed to pull off one of the greatest marches of all time. He then marched on Rome! Even though he did not defeat Rome, Hannibal is remembered as one of the greatest military leaders of all time. Hannibal fought against Rome for 17 years. He did not have the forces to beat large cities so he settled on field battles. During the time when Hannibal fought Rome it was said that every family lost at least one person!

While that was going on Carthage was fighting Rome in two other places, Sicily and Hispania in the South against Hannibal’s brother Hasdrubal. The Roman general Scorpio Africanus defeated Hasdrubal in Iberia and in doing so, cut off Hannibal’s supplies. Then he marched on Carthage so Hannibal was forced to come back and defend the city. At the Battle of Zuma in 202 BC the Carthaginian army was crushed. Carthage asked for peace and ended the war. Carthage was forced to:

  1. Pay 10,000 talents of silver in installments of 200 talents for 10 years.
  2. They could only have 10 ships in their navy.
  3. They were not allowed to have a large army without Rome’s permission.

They never were able to reclaim Iberia or some of their Islands. Peace lasted 50 years. Even though he did not defeat Rome, Hannibal is remembered as one of the greatest military leaders of all time.

The Punic War: Part 3.

Before the final war Rome was away fighting Hellenistic tribes and Carthage slowly was rebuilding. In 151 BC Numidia attacked Carthage and they fought back but were defeated. Rome was angry because Carthage had the power to fight back so in 149 BC Rome marched on Carthage. Carthage asked for peace but to no avail. In 146 BC Carthage was sacked by the Romans and fell. That was the end of the Punic Wars.

The Carthaginians were almost all dead from starvation. Only 50,000 people were left when they were defeated. They all became Roman Slaves and Carthage was left untouched. 100 years later Julius Cesar rebuilt Carthage and it again became a great trading city, this time for the Romans.

Thank you for reading my Essay. Please tell me of mistakes or errors to help me improve my writing.

Corrie.S.P.

The First Roman Emperors and the Beginning of the Empire

12/1/2021

History

Weekly Essay

Corrie.S.P.

Writing Assignment: Write a one to two page paper on one of the following topics:

– Essay Topic 1: Julius Caesar’s life and accomplishments

 – Essay Topic 2: Octavian Augustus Caesar establishes the Roman Empire

Julius Caesar

After the Roma Empire defeated Carthage it struggled to maintain its army force from 170-107 BC. The army rules stated that only land-owners could be in the army but after the war Rome was still building up after its loses and the small poorer land-owners could not afford their land anymore so they sold off their land to the wealthy land-owners and moved to the cities, thus dropping out of the army.  Rome decided to change the laws and make it so that if you joined the army you could receive land when your time was done.

Marius was the consul who made the reforms in 107 BC. Another consul Sulla had him exiled and late when Sulla was away at war Marius returned and killed off his enemies. He took over Rome and ruled it until 86 BC when people started resisting. In 84 BC Sulla returned from war and took control from 82 BC until 80 BC. He changed many things.

After the reigns of Sulla and Marius, two men returned from war to Rome and forced the senate to make them consuls in 70 BC. Their names were Pompey and Crassus. They were generals, and they undid the changes that Sulla had made and returned Rome to normal. Then, in 60 BC they formed an alliance with Julius Caesar, another roman general, and formed the First Triumvirate. A triumvirate is a group of three or more people who work together towards a goal. These three men worked together to achieve better positions and titles. Caesar became a consul in 59 BC.

When Crassus was killed in battle the Senate took the opportunity to break the leaders up and sent Pompey away to fight in Spain and Julius who was fighting was called back to Rome. They called him to come without his army but he broke orders and arrived with his entire force. He took over Rome in 48 BC. When Pompey heard about this he returned to Rome and fought with Julius. His army was defeated by Caesar and then after the battle he was killed. Julius Caesar became dictator in 47 BC and set himself up as “Dictator for Life” in 44 BC.

Julius Caesar made many reforms while he ruled, some of which being:

  • Relieving hardships of the citizens
  • Making Gaul, Spain, and North Africa Roman colonies
  • Replacing the Calendar
  • Began many building projects
  • Giving his supporters Roman citizenships

The senate was not happy with Caesar’s reign and two of his best friends Brutus and Cassius along with some senators, assassinated him one day on the steps of the senate building. The story of Julius Caesar inspired the famous play writer Shakespeare to write his famous Play entitled: Julius Caesar.

The Life, Ministry, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ

Corrie.S.P.

History

Lessons 105-108

Week 27 Review

Writing Assignment

BC: Before Christ. We use this Dating to signify that events happened before the birth of Jesus Christ.

AD: Anno Domini, we use this dating, to signify that events happened after Christ’ birth. Anno Domini means “Year of our Lord”. Sometimes people refer to AD as “After Death” but that would be incorrect since it starts when Jesus was born.

This Year is 2022 AD.

Before Christ was born Alexander the Great came to Jerusalem to overtake it. He was going to destroy the city but God had given the children of Israel a prophecy of a Greek king who would rule all of Asia. Alexander was impressed by this and so spared the Israelites from destruction. They readily came under his rule and sinfully adopted some of the Greek customs. When they were under Roman rule many things happened to change them. After Julius Caesar’s death, Mark Antony appointer Herod the Great to rule the Jews. He was a very cruel nasty ruler.

Jesus was born to a virgin named Mary who was engaged to a man named Joseph who was a carpenter. An angel came to her and told her she was to become to mother of the Messiah.

“30 The angel said to her, “Don’t be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 Behold, you will conceive in your womb and give birth to a Son, and shall name Him ‘Jesus.’ 32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David, 33 and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever. There will be no end to His Kingdom.” 4 Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, seeing I am a virgin?” 35 The angel answered her, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore also the Holy One who is born from you will be called the Son of God. 36”

Luke 1:30-36

During the end of her pregnancy Caesar Augustus called his entire kingdom to census.  Joseph went with Mary to Bethlehem to enroll. During their time there she gave birth to a Son and named Him Jesus. He was born in a stable and placed in a feeding trough since there were no inns for them to stay at. The Son of God was born amongst animals.  When Jesus was born angels appeared to shepherds who were guarding their flocks and told them that the Christ had been born.

“8 There were shepherds in the same country staying in the field, and keeping watch by night over their flock. 9 Behold, an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. 10 The angel said to them, “Don’t be afraid, for behold, I bring you good news of great joy which will be to all the people. 11 For there is born to you today, in David’s city, a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 12 This is the sign to you: you will find a baby wrapped in strips of cloth, lying in a feeding trough.”

Luke 2:8-12

They went to see if the angels had told them the truth and sure enough there was Jesus. The rejoiced, told many people, and talked about what they had seen.

When Jesus was born a sign happened in the sky and a great star appeared in the east. Wise men came following the star for around a year. They went to Jerusalem first thinking that the king would be born there but Herod told them that He was not there and to go find Him so that Herod could worship him. Really, he meant to kill Jesus so that He could not become king and Herod would rule. They followed the star to the house where Jesus was and gave Him many gifts. They were warned in a dream to not return to Herod and to return another way to their country. When Herod found out he ordered that all boy children 2 years old and under to try and have Jesus killed that way. Joseph was warned in a dream to flee to Egypt and stay there till Herod was dead. The family fled and stayed there until Herod’s death then they were told to return, and they lived in a city called Nazareth.

When Jesus became 30 years old He began His teachings. Thirty was the age of spiritual leadership in Israel so He was not breaking any customs. His first miracle was turning water into wine at a wedding in Cana. His ministry consisted of two main sections, Preaching and Miracles.

Preaching: His preaching told of God and included many parables.

Miracles: His miracles included healing the sick, blind, lame, and deaf. He also raised people from the dead and multiplied food. He did many other miracles you can read about in the Bible.

He had 12 main disciples who are called Jesus’ 12 Apostles.

  • Simon Peter: Fisherman
  • Andrew: Fisherman
  • James: Fisherman
  • John: Fisherman
  • Matthew: Tax collector
  • Thomas
  • Philip
  • Nathaniel: also known as Bartholomew
  • Simon: A Zealot
  • Judas
  • Little James
  • Judas Iscariot

Peter and Andrew were brothers, James and John also. Matthew was a former tax collector. Simon was a Zealot. Zealots were people who hated Rome, the rebels of their time.

Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a Donkey and was cheerfully accepted by the people proclaiming “Hosanna! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!” Some of the people who cheered for Him would soon cheer His death! The pharisees and chief priests of the people hated Jesus and what he did.

His ministry lasted for 3 years. Jesus was betrayed by Judas Iscariot for 30 pieces of silver. The high Priests captured Him and beat, whipped, mocked, and treated Him very cruelly. They took him before Pontius Pilot, the Roman governor. He did not find Jesus guilty of any crime but was afraid of the people so he washed his hands of the matter and told the people to do what they wanted with him. They called for Him to be crucified, the most brutal execution of their time! Jesus was forced to carry His own cross and wear a crown made out of thorns. He was crucified and when He died several natural phenomena occurred. The sky went dark, the thick heavy temple veil was torn in half, and some of the tombs were opened and the dead people came back to life. Even the Roman soldiers said that He was the Son of God when they saw this.

Jesus was buried and the chief priests of the people rolled a huge stone in front of the tomb and placed guards there so none of His followers could come, steal the body, and fake His resurrection. On the third day of His death Jesus rose from the dead and came alive again. He was changed in many ways. He even could walk through walls. Jesus appeared too many people during the time between His rising and ascending. After He ascended into heaven His disciples preached about His works and the Kingdom of Heaven.  Christianity has spread far and wide and changed many people. Jesus Christ and His works are still a huge part of American culture.

I am a believer in Jesus Christ and He is there for everyone! If you open your Heart and mind to Christ and repent you will be saved.

You can read all about Jesus’ life in the gospels:

  • Matthew
  • Mark
  • Luke
  • John

Please do! I can never tell all that the Bible has to offer.

Let me know if you find mistakes!

Corrie.S.P.

Early Christianity

Corrie.S.P.

History

Lessons: 109- 112

Week 28 Review

Writing Assignment

“Disciples” means “Learners”

Pentecost is the day that the Holy Spirit came.

After the Ascension of Jesus the apostles went to Jerusalem, for Jesus had told them to wait for God’s Helper to come.

“4 Being assembled together with them, he commanded them, “Don’t depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which you heard from me. 5 For John indeed baptized in water, but you will be baptized in the Holy Spirit not many days from now.”

“7 He said to them, “It isn’t for you to know times or seasons which the Father has set within his own authority. 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you. You will be witnesses to me in Jerusalem, in all Judea and Samaria, and to the uttermost parts of the earth.”

Acts 1:4-5 & 7-8

During the time that they waited for the Holy Spirit, they appointed a new Apostle to take Judas’ place. (The Bible has two different accounts on how he had died. Matthew says that Judas had committed suicide by hanging when he found out what happened to Jesus. While Acts says that he bought a field with the money and died a gruesome death by falling and his stomach busting open.)  They nominated 2 men.

“23 They put forward two, Joseph called Barsabbas, who was also called Justus, and Matthias.”

Acts 1:23

They drew lots and put it in God’s hands. The lot fell on Matthias. He became the 12th apostle in Judas’ place. When the day arrived for the Holy Spirit to come, the sky grew dark and fire “tongues” appeared for each of the disciples. They spoke in many languages and were filled with the Spirit. Many Gentiles were there when The Helper (as it is sometimes referred to) came. The Gentiles heard the Apostles speaking in their own language and were mystified. They asked themselves how could it be? Peter spoke to them all and told them to repent and be baptized. If they repented and followed Jesus then they could also have the Holy Spirit come into their lives and be made new. Almost 3,000 people were baptized and became followers!

The Church did not start in a building. It was mostly groups of people meeting in homes to talk about Jesus and God. They helped many people to Christianity just by following the rules and things that Jesus told them to. It is an amazing thing what has happened. The Faith has grown from a few hundred to the most practiced religion in the world!

A large part of our Walk with Christ is prayer. Praying to God can be done any time of the day. You can pray with your eyes open and while you are doing things. Driving, cooking, walking, and before you sleep. Those are just a few examples.

Jesus instructed us to care for the sick, widows, and orphans. Helping at homeless ministries, foster and adoptive care, and helping sick people are all ways to help in the ways that Jesus wants.

Christians should also minister to the “Lost”. The Lost are people who do not believe in God and Jesus. They are not gone forever, just lost because they have not been found yet. Jesus welcomes everyone to have Eternal Life!

The most influential religion in Europe and Western culture is Christianity. Even people who do not believe in Jesus use His parables in life.

Reading The Book of Acts is a better insight into the religion’s start than my essay.

Let me know of Errors.

Corrie.S.P.

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