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The Seven Years War

Corrie.S.P.

History

Lesson 15

11/8/2022

Writing Assignment: Write a two-to-three-page paper on the following topic: Describe the history of the Seven Years’ War.

The Battle of Jumonville Glen

Before the Seven Years War some important things happened. In 1752 Benjamin discovered electricity and Britain changed their calendar from the Julian to the Gregorian. That caused the dating system to change and some issues arose. Nope, not dating like a couple. Dating such as when things happened before 1752. In September eleven days were skipped to make the calendar begin on September 14th instead of March 1st. The order of the months changed. The calendar was also 10 minutes and 48 seconds shorter.

The skirmish that started the French and Indian war and eventually led to the Seven Years way was the battle of Jumonville Glen. It is not largely known today. It was fought between Indians, British, and Canadians. Young George Washington was leading a band of men to Fort Necessity that was under construction in Pennsylvania to back up the builders there. They were sent to ward off Indian and French attacks. But the Canadians arrived first and drove the workers off. Leading the French was a young commander named Joseph Coulon de Jumonville. The Indian scouts that were with Washington told him the fort was taken and he organized an ambush. The battle took place on May 28th 1754, it only lasted fifteen minuets but had drastic results. The Canadian’s were mostly all killed along with Jumonville or take capture. The dead were left on the field or buried in shallow graves in Washington’s hurry to get to Fort Necessity. The English records say that Jumonville was assassinated by Tanacharison, Washinton’s Indian scout.

Washington reached the fort and guarded it from inside. The fort was attacked a few months later by Jumonville’s brother leading six-hundred men and Washington was forced to surrender. Washington was forced to sign surrender papers saying the British assassinated commander Jumonville that were in French, a language he did not read. Historians debate he might not have known what they said or their full extent. The battles had a catastrophic result since France and England were not at war before these events. It launched a war. The British sent another force to reclaim the fort and the French retaliated by sending one as well. The countries declared war in 1756. All for a fort named Necessity.

The French and Indian War

The British sent commander Braddock and a force of troops to Pennsylvania, there he joined with George Washington and his troops and they marched to take Fort Duquesne; pronounced (Do-Cain), on the Monongahela River.  The troops were slowed by the woods around the river and cause delay for the heavy artillery. Braddock opted not to wait for them to get through and took 1,300 men on ahead. That allowed them to cross the river before their adversaries attacked but, the French had reinforcements and were not giving up without a fight! The battle began almost as soon as the English arrived. Because the British lacked the skills for fighting in forests, they fired on themselves and there was much confusion. The Indians and French fought with a kind of guerrilla warfare. Three hours into the battle Braddock was shot in the lounges and died. Washington took control, formed a rear guard, and retreated but 876 still died or were badly wounded. After the battle the French were in control for the next three years, 1756-1758.

In 1756 Britain declared war on France and in doing so, both expanded the war zone and intensified fighting in North America. In 1759 a turn of events happened for England causing them to come out on top of the war, it is known for the froth and expanse of the empire. They called it The Year of Miracles or The Year of Wonders. In 1760 three forts were captured by the British that successfully ended the war in North America. Forts Quebec, Niagra, and Fort Ticonderoga.

Fighting in Europe

 In 1755 the natural disaster known as the Lisbon Earthquake occurred. Striking the capital of Portugal and causing such devastation, that some thought the world was ending.  At the time Portugal was becoming a strong nation and this weakened it drastically. Between 10,000 and 100,000 people were killed. It was been compared to the Holocaust as to its effects on Europe.

The Diplomatic Revolution of 1756 redrew the alliances in Europe. Austria left Britain to fight on the side of Prussia. Prussia then sided with France and Spain, Portugal joined England along with Hanover, and Sweden sided with France. France struck the first blow in the European Chapter by gathering a large force and driving Britain off of Minorca an island in the Mediterranean. Prussian Ruler, Frederick the 3rd saw this as a way to expand and gathered a large force to attack Saxony. Austria helped Saxony at first but could not defeat Prussia, and they made Saxony join their army. Britain Supported Prussia and the rest of the countries did not. Saxony never recovered from this attack. Britain controlled Hanover since the king was the Duke of Hanover, and the center of Europe was fought over for the next six years.

During the war King Frederick and Britain kept Prussia going. Half of its army was lost in the battle of Kunersdorf. Russia and Austria tried to defeat them but “The Miracles of the House of Brandenburg” saved them twice. The first time the attackers did not have enough supplies and the second time the Russian Emperess died so the new ruler did not continue the fighting, Russia left the war. The Treaty of St. Petersburg signaled the end of the war in 1762 and the Treaty of Paris was signed in 17863. Britain withdrew their forces from the fighting. Every country lost their stolen land and went back to where they started. All the bloodshed for basically nothing.

Fighting in the Colonies

Besides North America and Europe; The Caribbean, South America, India, The Philippines and West Africa were involved in the war as well. The British had territories in The Caribbean and most of Florida as well as Havanna Cuba. In South American the Spanish captured the forts of Colonia de Sacramento and Rio Grande de Sao Pedro. These cities in Uruguay and Brazil were important port cities for Portugal but they were returned after the war.

India was disputed over for many years by France and England. During the war the British Captured most of the French ports in India and conquered Bengal, (modern day Bengali) the French all. Britain had much better success in India than in the Philippines. They captured Manila in the Philippines but it was not that much of a success. Also captured was Sengal, the French colony in Africa. Which before, had been entirely under French leadership.

Annus Mirabilis: The Year of Miracles was in 1759. During and after this year the English expanded, destroyed the French navy and helped Hanover and Prussia gain an upper hand.

All the territories that had been captured during the war were given back after the end, due to Status Quo Ante Bellum. The Seven Years War ended with Britain mostly winning by keeping the most power. France was the decided looser. The rest of the countries involved were okay at the end but not very good. It was a terrible war full of bloodshed and with almost no end result due to captured land being returned. In short, this is why wars don’t do much good and why I don’t like them or support them unless there is no choice.

Corrie.S.P.

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Published by Corrie.S.P.

The story of Corrie is a strange and fantastic tale told over many generations. It mostly consists of Scripture, books, friends, and fun. But, it has been known to include crochet, cooking, baking, drawing, and organization. Corrie, is a strange beast and likes to dwell in shadows observing life and reading mysteries. She plays with animals and has a few close friends. Jesus Christ died for her sins and she will willingly talk to anyone about the Scriptures. If you wish to seek her friendship you must be honest, friendly, true, faithful, charitable, compassionate, and kind. No ordinary person can win the trust of the Corrie. Explore a little bit of her mind on her blogs, she enjoys getting comments on her posts. It means a lot to her. It means that someone took the time to pay attention and read her post and that is an awesome thing! And remember, tread carefully, for Corrie is always watching.

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