Week 27 Review
BC: Before Christ. We use this Dating to signify that events happened before the birth of Jesus Christ.
AD: Anno Domini, we use this dating, to signify that events happened after Christ’ birth. Anno Domini means “Year of our Lord”. Sometimes people refer to AD as “After Death” but that would be incorrect since it starts when Jesus was born.
This Year is 2022 AD.
Before Christ was born Alexander the Great came to Jerusalem to overtake it. He was going to destroy the city but God had given the children of Israel a prophecy of a Greek king who would rule all of Asia. Alexander was impressed by this and so spared the Israelites from destruction. They readily came under his rule and sinfully adopted some of the Greek customs. When they were under Roman rule many things happened to change them. After Julius Caesar’s death, Mark Antony appointer Herod the Great to rule the Jews. He was a very cruel nasty ruler.
Jesus was born to a virgin named Mary who was engaged to a man named Joseph who was a carpenter. An angel came to her and told her she was to become to mother of the Messiah.
“30 The angel said to her, “Don’t be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 Behold, you will conceive in your womb and give birth to a Son, and shall name Him ‘Jesus.’ 32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David, 33 and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever. There will be no end to His Kingdom.” 4 Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, seeing I am a virgin?” 35 The angel answered her, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore also the Holy One who is born from you will be called the Son of God. 36”
During the end of her pregnancy Caesar Augustus called his entire kingdom to census. Joseph went with Mary to Bethlehem to enroll. During their time there she gave birth to a Son and named Him Jesus. He was born in a stable and placed in a feeding trough since there were no inns for them to stay at. The Son of God was born amongst animals. When Jesus was born angels appeared to shepherds who were guarding their flocks and told them that the Christ had been born.
“8 There were shepherds in the same country staying in the field, and keeping watch by night over their flock. 9 Behold, an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. 10 The angel said to them, “Don’t be afraid, for behold, I bring you good news of great joy which will be to all the people. 11 For there is born to you today, in David’s city, a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 12 This is the sign to you: you will find a baby wrapped in strips of cloth, lying in a feeding trough.”
They went to see if the angels had told them the truth and sure enough there was Jesus. The rejoiced, told many people, and talked about what they had seen.
When Jesus was born a sign happened in the sky and a great star appeared in the east. Wise men came following the star for around a year. They went to Jerusalem first thinking that the king would be born there but Herod told them that He was not there and to go find Him so that Herod could worship him. Really, he meant to kill Jesus so that He could not become king and Herod would rule. They followed the star to the house where Jesus was and gave Him many gifts. They were warned in a dream to not return to Herod and to return another way to their country. When Herod found out he ordered that all boy children 2 years old and under to try and have Jesus killed that way. Joseph was warned in a dream to flee to Egypt and stay there till Herod was dead. The family fled and stayed there until Herod’s death then they were told to return, and they lived in a city called Nazareth.
When Jesus became 30 years old He began His teachings. Thirty was the age of spiritual leadership in Israel so He was not breaking any customs. His first miracle was turning water into wine at a wedding in Cana. His ministry consisted of two main sections, Preaching and Miracles.
Preaching: His preaching told of God and included many parables.
Miracles: His miracles included healing the sick, blind, lame, and deaf. He also raised people from the dead and multiplied food. He did many other miracles you can read about in the Bible.
He had 12 main disciples who are called Jesus’ 12 Apostles.
- Simon Peter: Fisherman
- Andrew: Fisherman
- James: Fisherman
- John: Fisherman
- Matthew: Tax collector
- Nathaniel: also known as Bartholomew
- Simon: A Zealot
- Little James
- Judas Iscariot
Peter and Andrew were brothers, James and John also. Matthew was a former tax collector. Simon was a Zealot. Zealots were people who hated Rome, the rebels of their time.
Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a Donkey and was cheerfully accepted by the people proclaiming “Hosanna! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!” Some of the people who cheered for Him would soon cheer His death! The pharisees and chief priests of the people hated Jesus and what he did.
His ministry lasted for 3 years. Jesus was betrayed by Judas Iscariot for 30 pieces of silver. The high Priests captured Him and beat, whipped, mocked, and treated Him very cruelly. They took him before Pontius Pilot, the Roman governor. He did not find Jesus guilty of any crime but was afraid of the people so he washed his hands of the matter and told the people to do what they wanted with him. They called for Him to be crucified, the most brutal execution of their time! Jesus was forced to carry His own cross and wear a crown made out of thorns. He was crucified and when He died several natural phenomena occurred. The sky went dark, the thick heavy temple veil was torn in half, and some of the tombs were opened and the dead people came back to life. Even the Roman soldiers said that He was the Son of God when they saw this.
Jesus was buried and the chief priests of the people rolled a huge stone in front of the tomb and placed guards there so none of His followers could come, steal the body, and fake His resurrection. On the third day of His death Jesus rose from the dead and came alive again. He was changed in many ways. He even could walk through walls. Jesus appeared too many people during the time between His rising and ascending. After He ascended into heaven His disciples preached about His works and the Kingdom of Heaven. Christianity has spread far and wide and changed many people. Jesus Christ and His works are still a huge part of American culture.
I am a believer in Jesus Christ and He is there for everyone! If you open your Heart and mind to Christ and repent you will be saved.
You can read all about Jesus’ life in the gospels:
Please do! I can never tell all that the Bible has to offer.
Let me know if you find mistakes!